|Independence Training for the Visually Handicapped Children
|Last Date To Submit
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Each combination of disabilities presents a unique situation, with challenges that add up to more than the challenges of each disability put together. People who do not have visual impairments, but who are deaf or have mobility or cognitive disabilities use adapted techniques that rely on their vision to function. Many of the strategies that people without vision use to orient themselves, move safely around obstacles and on stairs, cross streets, and communicate require a normal cognitive functioning, normal hearing, and/or good mobility. Many of these strategies are not feasible for blind people who can not hear well, can not understand the strategy or process the information, or can not move safely and maintain their balance. So when vision loss and other disabilities are added together, the impact on people’s options and their ability to function are not added together they are multiplied.
Have high expectations for success:
In spite of the seemingly insurmountable challenges that multiple disabilities present, people who are blind and have multiple disabilities can achieve high levels of independent travel, often beyond the level at which people thought they were capable. People who are completely blind and have moderate cognitive disabilities are using buses and travel to and from their homes and their workplaces or centers every day by themselves. But people who are completely blind and have severe cognitive disabilities are independently moving around inside buildings where they live or work.
People who are completely blind and profoundly deaf or using wheelchairs or mobility aids travel around the world by themselves. When expectations are high, students can be inspired and motivated to achieve their best. Therefore keep an open mind and let the student teach you about how much he or she can achieve, and encourage each student to reach his or her potential for independent travel.
Students with multiple disabilities should be assessed within the activity and environment in which they naturally travel. Instruction should be done at the times and places that the student would normally travel. Standard “recipe” strategies and solutions that are successful for most blind people may not work for the person with additional disabilities, but there are ways to get around most challenges. Be creative and willing to try new strategies and ideas developed for the individual student with multiple disabilities. Independence Training (677) Assignments.
Encourage participation in the community, even if it cannot be done independently:
All people have the right to acquire skills that allow them to function. At least in part, in a wide variety of environments and activities in their community. Experience in the community should not be denied to any people. Because they are unable to perform certain activities without assistance.
None of us can experts in all things, nor can we expect. That we know all that is necessary to work with all students. Thus we need to know where to get help and resources. We should know about professionals and agencies which serve people with other disabilities; sources of devices and equipment used by people with other disabilities; and sources of information. Work with a team or in consultation with others who have expertise in the additional disabilities. All students have the greatest opportunity for success when the O&M instructor works together with program administrators.
Find resources and information related to each of the disabilities:
When those who are responsible for funding and managing the program understand. The students’ needs for O&M, are better able to support and facilitate the O&M program. And when O&M instructors work with and understand the program administrators. They are better able to utilize or promote resources to enhance the O&M instruction. In addition to working with administrators, when providing O&M to students with multiple disabilities. It is consider best practice for the O&M specialist to consult or work together as a team, with others. This is because students with multiple disabilities have needs that are beyond the job description or body of knowledge that is normally expect of O&M specialists.
Be functional in the assessment and instruction:
It is unethical and often ineffective or even detrimental to provide services outside of our area of expertise. In addition, working or consulting with others makes the best use of resources, and provides support when consultants or team members suggest strategies and help brainstorm for solutions to problems. Sometimes all that is needed is consultation, where the O&M specialist asks others for information or ideas to meet the complex O&M needs of the student, after which the O&M specialist provides the instruction, consulting again only if needed. Independence Training (677) Assignments.