Environment and Forestry (2516) M.Sc Spring & Autumn 2023 Solved Assignments

Q. 1 Differentiate between the following terms. (20) Environment and Forestry (2516) M.Sc Spring & Autumn 2023 Solved Assignments.
i) Biocentric and Ecocentric
Public concern for the environment became widespread during the 1960s after Rachel Carson wrote “Silent Spring.” Since that time, several different schools of thought have emerged with regard to the environment and the role people should play within the natural world. Biocentric and ecocentric philosophies are just two of the many different theories use to discuss nature. Although the philosophies are quite similar, they vary in some significant ways. The Ecocentric Philosophy people who ascribe to an ecocentric philosophy believe in the importance of an ecosystem as a whole.

Environment and Forestry (2516) M.Sc Spring & Autumn 2023 Solved Assignments

They attribute equal importance to living and non-living components of ecosystems when making decisions regarding their treatment of the environment. So it is a holistic school of thought that sees little importance in individuals; ecocentrists are concerned or*zith how individuals influence ecosystems as a whole. The Biocentric Philosophy, in contrast, a biocentric philosophy places the greatest importance on living individuals or living components of the environment.

Biocentric theories do not consider chemical and geological elements of the environment to be as important as living beings in the way that ecocentric theories do. Biocentrists believe that all living things are important. For example, a tree’s life would be. But Environment and Forestry (2516) M.Sc Spring & Autumn 2023 Solved Assignments.
ii)Environmental Degradation and Environmental-conserve *km.

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we. It consists of various aspects 1 e physical, biological, social, cultural, etc.
on ment like the construction of buildings, houses, bridges, industries, etc. This ronment l y.change or disturb their condition. The different aspects of the to var s natural disasters like earthquakes, volcanoes, etc. This is also know as an action not defined as the deterioration of the environment due to depletion of bpi; of e ecosystem and the eradication of wildlife.

Considered just as important as a human’s life. This is in coast to an nth entric view in Arrifich the lives of humans are given the greatest value. The environment is the surrounding in which Human beings perform all the activities that affect the various aspects of the environment that are also changed or dis environmental degradation. Environmental degree resources such as air, water, and soil, the des

The United Nations International Strategy fgdisaster Reduction defines environmental degradation as “The reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives and needs”. There are various types of environmental degradation. When the various aspects of the environment are destroyed or damaged due to human activities or natural disasters, the environment is degraded. There are various causes of environmental degradation like pollution, overpopulation, deforestation, flood, landslide, earthquake,s, etc.